Foot Care – Diabetes and Edema

The diabetic and edematous patients should take good care of their feet, avoid major future problems with simple routine care.


 High blood glucose can affect the nerves of the feet and cause problems of blood circulation. When the nerves in the feet and legs get affected, the person may begin to have a tingling sensation and "needles". Besides that, you may lose your foot's sensitivity and you may not feel pain, pressure or temperature. If you have any injuries, you may not notice immediately, infection.

O edema, on the other hand, favors changes in the skin that bacteria and proliferation.

THE infection or lack of blood circulation can even cause amputation (in the diabetics). In patients with venous edema amputation is very rare and should not be be the concern. however, the decline in quality of life may be very large and general care improves this. 

The signs of lack of blood circulation include – important for diabetics to monitor following signs:


1) Pain in the legs or feet, especially when practicing physical exercise.

2) Pain or feeling of tiredness in the legs at night.


3) Wounds that are not healed, swollen feet, blue or feet parched and cracked.


Guidelines for foot care:


1) for blisters, cracks, cuts or dry skin between the fingers or sole of the foot and redness. Use a mirror or ask for help from another person if you have trouble seeing your feet.


2) Inform your doctor if you encounter any injury.


3) Wash your feet daily with mild soap and warm water. Take a good look at water temperature to ensure that it is not too hot. Rinse your feet thoroughly, even between your toes.


4) Avoid putting "sauce" feet, as it may cause dryness.


5) Use a lotion or cream on the back and sole of the feet (except between the toes), especially in the more dry areas. 

6) It is best to trim your fingernails with a sandpaper, instead of cutting them or cut very carefully; trim straight from side to side. Avoid "coming into the skin" and do not cut the cuticles.


7) Before putting on socks and shoes, make sure there is nothing inside them that can eventually pressure and hurt your feet.


8) Wear comfortable shoes (soft and seamless leather, preferably), which fit well
consequently do not cause bubbles .. During all the seasons of the year, you should wear closed-toed shoes that offer greater protection to your feet.


9) Do not walk barefoot, even indoors.


10) Always wear cotton socks, seamless, as they help to keep your feet dry. If you feel cold on your feet, wear warm socks. The elastic of the socks should not compress the ankle region.


11) Do not use electric cushions or hot water bags to heat your feet. Heat only what comes from the body. 


12) If you have calluses or warts, see a specialist for treat them, but never try to remove them without specialized medical advice. The products indicated for this purpose can damage the skin and cause problems.

13) Use a separate towel for your feet and body. 


Foot care is a very important item in the control of Diabetes and edematous. Your doctor will help you develop the best take care of your feet.