Foot Care-Diabetes and Edema

Diabetic and edematous patients should take very good care of their feet and can avoid major future problems with simple routine care.

 High level of glycemia can affect the nerves of the feet and cause blood circulation problems. When the nerves of the feet and legs become affected, the person can start to feel tingling and “needled”. In addition, it may lose the sensitivity of the feet and not feel pain, pressure or temperature change. If you have any injury, you may not notice it immediately, becoming subject to infection.

Edema, in turn, favors changes in the skin that provide bacterial entry and proliferation.

Infection or lack of blood circulation may cause even amputation (in diabetics). In patients with venous edema, amputation is extremely rare and should not be the concern. However, the quality of life drop can be very large and general care improves it. 

The signs of lack of blood circulation include-important for diabetics to monitor the following signs:

1) Pain in the legs or feet, especially when practicing physical exercise.

2) Pain or feeling of fatigue in the legs during the night.

3) Wounds that are not healed, swollen feet, blue colouring or dried and cracked feet plant.

Foot Care Guidelines:

1) To see if there are blisters, cracks, cuts or dry skin between the toes or on the foot plant and redness. Use a mirror or ask someone else’s help if you have trouble seeing your feet.

2) Report your doctor if you find any injuries.

3) Wash your feet daily with mild soap and warm water. Observe well the temperature of the water to ensure that it is not too hot. Dry your feet well, even between your toes.

4) Avoid Putting the feet of “sauce” as it may cause dryness.

5) Use A lotion or cream on the back and feet (except between fingers), especially in the most dry areas. 

6) It is better to trim the toenails with a sandpaper, or rather to cut them or cut with great care; Trim straight from one side to the other. Avoid “Going towards the skin” and do not cut the cuticles.

7) Before You wear socks and shoes, make sure there is nothing inside of them that can eventually press and hurt your feet.

8) Wear comfortable shoes (soft and seamless leather, preferably), which calculate
well and consequently do not cause bubbles.. During All seasons, you should wear closed shoes, which offer greater protection to your feet.

9) Do not walk barefoot, even indoors.

10) Use preferably always cotton socks, without sewing, as they help keep your feet dry. If you feel cold in your feet, wear hot socks. The elastic of the socks should not compress the ankle region.

11) Do not use electric pads or hot water pouches to heat your feet. Heat only what comes from the body. 

12) If you have callus or warts, look for an expert to treat them, but never try to remove them without specialized medical advice. The products indicated for this purpose may damage the skin and cause problems.

13) Use A separate towel for the feet and body. 

Foot care is a very important item in the control of Diabetes and edematous. Your doctor will help you develop the best treatment to take care of your feet.